Global Internet User Survey Reveals Attitudes, Usage, and Behavior


Global Internet User Survey Reveals Attitudes, Usage, and Behavior
26 November 2012

[WASHINGTON, DC and GENEVA, Switzerland – 26 November 2012] – A worldwide survey of more than 10,000 Internet users in 20 countries conducted by the Internet Society revealed attitudes towards the Internet and user behavior online. The Global Internet User Survey is one of the broadest surveys of Internet user attitudes on key issues facing the Internet. This year’s survey covered areas such as how users manage personal information online, attitudes toward the Internet and human rights, censorship, and the potential for the Internet to address issues such as economic development and education.

“Today’s online users have high expectations for the Internet and its impact on our lives and society, while also expressing concerns over censorship and excessive governmental controls,” said Lynn St. Amour, President and CEO of the Internet Society. “As part of realizing the Internet Society’s vision of an Internet that is for everyone, this survey uniquely focuses on users and their experiences, attitudes, and opinions on how to meet the challenges and opportunities facing the Internet and society in general. We are committed to the Internet’s continued open growth and evolution, not only for those who enjoy the Internet today, but until everyone is able to access and benefit from an open Internet.”
Key Findings

Key findings from this year’s survey cover a broad range of topics.
The Internet and Human Rights:

Eighty-three percent of respondents agreed or agreed strongly that access to the Internet should be considered a basic human right.
Eighty-nine percent agreed or agreed strongly that Internet access allows freedom of expression on all subjects, and 86 percent agreed or agreed strongly that freedom of expression should be guaranteed.
Sixty percent of respondents agreed or agreed strongly that Internet access has contributed significantly to civil action and political awareness in their country.

Internet censorship:

Thirty percent of users agreed strongly that censorship currently exists on the Internet.
Sixty-six percent of respondents agreed or agreed strongly that governments in countries with no Internet censorship have a responsibility to keep the Internet free of censorship in countries where the Internet is being censored/controlled/shut down.
More than 70 percent of users agreed or agreed strongly that more government involvement would make the Internet too controlled or would limit content they can access.
More than two-thirds agreed or agreed strongly that increased government control would inhibit the growth of the Internet and/or stifle innovation.

Online privacy and identity:

Even when users know they are sharing personal data with a site or service, most users (80 percent) do not always read privacy policies and a significant fraction (12 percent) of respondents admitted that they never read privacy policies.
Of users who logged into online services, only half reported that they logged out.
Nineteen percent of respondents were aware of circumstances in which personal data was used in a way they did not expect. The most commonly reported consequences were: unsolicited communications, stolen personal data, private data becoming public, impersonation, and financial loss.

The Internet and economic and societal issues:

Nearly two-thirds of respondents agreed or agreed strongly that the Internet would play a significant role in solving global problems, including reducing child mortality (63 percent), improving maternal health (65 percent), eliminating extreme poverty and hunger (61 percent), and preventing the trafficking of women and children (69 percent).
An even higher percentage of respondents agreed or agreed strongly that the Internet would increase global trade and economic relationships (81 percent), improve the quality of education (80 percent), and improve emergency response during a natural disaster (77 percent).
A majority of respondents felt strongly that the Internet plays a significant role in making improvements to business, science, and technology in areas such as: expanding the availability of goods and services (66 percent), allowing entrepreneurs to conduct business across all countries (65 percent), and advancing science and technology and creating a technologically recognized workforce (61 percent).

Attitudes towards the Internet:

Ninety-eight percent of users agreed or strongly agreed the Internet is essential for their access to knowledge and education.
More than 80 percent agreed or agreed strongly that the Internet plays a positive role for their individual lives as well as society at large.
Nearly 75 percent of users strongly agreed that access to the Internet allows them to seek any information that interests them.

General Internet usage:

Internet users nearly universally (96 percent) indicated they accessed the Internet at least once a day.
More than 90 percent of Internet users surveyed globally indicated they use social media, with a majority (60 percent) using it daily, an increase of 10 percent over 2011.
Connection speed (73 percent) and reliability (69 percent) ranked slightly above more affordable monthly fees (68 percent) among factors that would increase usage. Other factors included more content in their local language (50 percent) and more online availability of government and/or community services (49 percent)

The Internet Society’s Global Internet User Survey (GIUS) provides reliable information relevant to issues important to the Internet’s future. As an ongoing effort, the survey provides information, informs and supports the activities of the global Internet Society community, and makes the data it collects openly available for all. While other ICT surveys focus on economic, infrastructure, or other Internet use indicators, the GIUS focuses on users, which are the source of innovation that has driven the Internet’s development, evolution, and dramatic growth over the past four decades. The first GIUS in 2011 gathered the responses of 6,088 Internet users in 11 countries.

This year, the GIUS was conducted on behalf of the Internet Society from July to August 2012 by Redshift Research, a leading business market research firm. The survey questionnaire engaged 10,789 Internet users in 20 countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Kenya, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, UAE, and the United States. Of the respondents, 53 percent were male and 47 percent were female. Results from the survey varied across countries; future reports will provide additional insight into these variations.

The complete questionnaire, full results—including results by country—and more information on survey methodology are available at: http://www.internetsociety.org/survey

sumber: https://www.internetsociety.org/news/global-internet-user-survey-reveals-attitudes-usage-and-behavior

Mereka yang Tersangkut Perkara Penghinaan Islam di Facebook dan Twitter


Kasus dugaan penghinaan agama islam di jejaring sosial semacam facebook dan twitter sudah pernah beberapa kali terjadi. Pelakunya harus berurusan dengan pengadilan. Siapa saja mereka?

Alexander Aan

Pria asal Padang ini dihukum penjara oleh sebuah pengadilan di Sumatera Barat pada Juni 2012 lalu. Ia juga diwajibkan membayar denda Rp100 juta. Penyebabnya, Aan menulis status di facebook-nya yang menyebutkan ia tidak percaya adanya Tuhan.

Di facebook, hingga berita ini ditulis masih ada grup yang diberi nama “Dukung Alexander Aan Jadi Muslim Lagi.” Ada juga grup lain yang diberi nama “Free Alexander Aan.”

Dalam pembelaannya, kuasa hukum Aan, Todung Mulya Lubis mengatakan,”Agama dan keyakinan adalah masalah pribadi. Seharusnya tidak ada aturan yang mengatur apa yang kita percayai. UUD kita juga tertulis mengenai kebebasan keyakinan beragama dan tertulis juga hak kita untuk mengungkapkan pendapat. Hak dia sebagai seorang atheis juga seharusnya dilindungi.”

Akun Facebook Rudy Yohanes Hutagalung

Akun Facebook Rudy Yohanes Hutagalung ini sempat bikin heboh pemberitaan pada Agustus 2011 lalu. Di facebooknya, Rudy disebut-sebut sering menghujat Nabi Muhammad dan menjelek-jelekkan Islam. Status-staus bikin murka kaum muslim. Tak ayal, status-statusnya menuai banyak komentar.

Namun, tak sedikit yang meragukan keaslian akun itu. Sebab, Rudy tidak mencantumkan alat dan identitasnya secara lengkap. Hingga kini, akun ini masih aktif dengan berbagai komentarnya.

Ayman Yusef Mansur

Ayman berasal dari Mesir. Ia dipenjara tiga tahun karena dituduh menghina Islam di facebook. Seperti dilaporkan kantor berita AFP pada Minggu, 23 Oktober 2011, Pengadilan di Kairo menemukan Ayman Yusef Mansur secara sengaja menghina Islam di facebook.

Hakim pengadilan mengatakan, hinaannya ditujukan kepada kitab suci Al-Quran, agama Islam, Nabi-nabi beserta keluarganya, serta warga muslim secara keseluruhan.

Mansur ditahan oleh polisi sejak Agustus 2011, setelah polisi melacaknya melalui akun-akun miliknya di internet.

Fazil Say

Fazil Say adalah pianis dan komposer terkenal Turki. Ia dihadapkan ke pengadilan lantaran komentarnya di twitter yang dituduh menghina Islam. Fazil dikenai pasal tentang penghinaan agama.

Tuduhan menghina Islam itu didasarkan komentarnya yang bernada seloroh di Twitter. Dalam situs mikroblog itu, Fazil disebutkan berkomentar secara bercanda tentang bunyi adzan yang disebutnya berlangsung cepat yaitu sekitar 22 detik.

“Mengapa begitu terburu-buru? Apakah kalian sudah ditunggu gundik atau minuman alkoholmu di meja,” begitu tulis Fazil dalam twitternya.

Komentar inilah yang kemudian mengundang reaksi sebagian umat Islam di Turki yang menyatakan tidak dapat menerima komentar Fazil.

Sebelumnya, dalam sebuah wawancara dengan surat kabar Hurriyet daily pada April lalu, seperti dilaporkan kantor berita AFP, Fazil merasa dikucilkan oleh masyarakat Turki sejak dia menyatakan diri sebagai ateis. Dia menganggap tekanan dari masyarakat itu akibat sikap tidak toleran yang makin berkembang di Turki.

“Saya mungkin orang pertama di dunia yang menjadi obyek penyelidikan hukum karena saya mengaku ateis, “katanya saat itu.

Hamza Kashgari

Hamza Kashgari adalah seorang wartawan muda Arab Saudi. Ia ditangkap Kepolisian Malaysia setelah melarikan diri dari negaranya karena dituduh menghina Nabi Muhamad lewat Twitter. Hamza Kashgari ditahan di Kuala Lumpur atas permintaan Arab Saudi lewat melalui Interpol.

Kepolisian Malaysia mengatakan wartawan surat kabar yang berkantor di Jeddah itu ditangkap setelah tiba di bandara internasional Kuala Lumpur hari Kamis, 9 Februari 2012.

Kantor berita Bernama menyebutkan mengatakan Kashgari ditahan karena “diduga menghina Islam dan Nabi Muhammad.” Namun Fadih Nadwa Fikiri, juru bicara kelompok aktivis Lawyers for Liberty mengatakan Kashgari adalah bloger yang sering mengangkat “tekanan yang dialami perempuan.”

Komentar Kashgari di Twitter mendapatkan sekitar 30.000 tanggapan, menurut situs online yang melacak komentar Twitter di dunia Arab. Pernyataan Kashhari di Twitter bertepatan dengan Maulid Nabi pekan lalu.

Kashgari sempat meminta maaf. Namun, seruan agar ia dihukum justru semakin meningkat. Komite ulama menyebutnya “kafir” dan menuntut agar ia diadili di pengadilan agama, sementara laman Facebook berjudul “Rakyat Saudi menuntut eksekusi Hamza Kashgari,” menarik ribuan pengikut.

Ulama Saudi Sheikh Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah al-Sheikh menyebut Twitter sebagai “bahaya besar dan tidak cocok untuk Muslim.” Namun jutaan warga Saudi, termasuk pejabat pemerintah memiliki akun di Twitter dan Facebook.| DARI BERBAGAI SUMBER

sumber: http://atjehpost.com/read/2012/11/22/28753/29/29/Mereka-yang-Tersangkut-Perkara-Penghinaan-Islam-di-Facebook-dan-Twitter-